Xerostomia, Dry Mouth

Xerostomia:
The feeling of oral dryness resulting from the reduced or absent saliva flow.

Radiation Induced Xerostomia:
Radiation-induced damage to the salivary glands alters the volume, consistency and pH of secreted saliva.

Symptoms
  • Painful tongue
  • Increased need to drink fluids especially at night
  • Saliva may appear stringy or foamy

Causes More than 400 commonly used drugs can cause Xerostomia

Risk Factors
The elderly are most at risk.

Diagnosis
Your doctor will perform an examination of the oral cavity sialometry, a procedure that measures the flow of saliva

Side Effects
  • Halitosis
  • Inflammation or ulcers of the tongue and buccal mucosa
  • Oral candidiasis
  • Inflammation and fissuring of the lips salivary gland infection
 
Treatment Options
Self Treatments
  • Patients should practice preventive dentistry.
  • Plaque removal and treatment of gingival infections and dental caries are essential.
  • Patients should brush and floss regularly and to use fluoride daily.
  • Do not wear dentures while you sleep
  • Avoid sugary or acidic foods and beverages
  • Avoid spicy or dry foods
  • Do not use tobacco or drink alcohol
  • Use of a cold air humidifier can help relieve symptoms during sleep
  • Take frequent sips of water throughout the day
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